Role of ribosomal protein RPS2 in controlling let-7a expression in human prostate cancer

Min Wang, Youji Hu, Michael D Amatangelo, Mark E Stearns
Molecular Cancer Research: MCR 2011, 9 (1): 36-50
We discovered that an inverse relationship exists in the expression of ras/c-myc and ribosomal protein RPS2 with pre-let-7a-1/let-7a/let-7f miRNA and prostate tumor cell malignancy. Nonmalignant IBC-10a cells expressed low levels of ras/RPS2 and elevated pre-let-7a-1/let-7a/let-7f miRNA, whereas the reverse occurred in malignant PCa-20a and PC-3ML cells. Stable transfection of IBC-10a cells with pBABE.ras and pBABE.RPS2 induced ras, c-myc, and RPS2 expression, whereas the levels of let-7a/let-7f miRNA dropped to near zero. Conversely, in pBABE.pre-let-7a-1 transfected PCa-20a and PC-3ML clones, let-7a/let-7f increased whereas ras, RPS2, and c-myc dropped greater than 5-fold. Electrophoretic mobility shift assays, antibody "supershift" assays and immunoprecipitation assays revealed that RPS2 specifically binds pre-let-7a-1 to block RNA processing. Immunoflourescent studies and Northern blots confirmed that RPS2 complexes with pre-let-7a-1 (i.e., in episomal structures) to block processing to let-7a/let-7f, indicating RPS2 may prevent let-7a miRNA expression to indirectly promote oncogene expression. Functional studies further showed that the colony-forming ability (CFA) and invasive activities of IBC-10a cells were significantly enhanced in pBABE-ras.IBC-10a and pBABE-RPS2-IBC-10a clones. Conversely, with the "knockdown" of ras and RPS2 in malignant PC-3ML cells (i.e., in pLKO.TRC.shRNA.ras.PC3-ML, pLKO.TRC.shRNA.RPS2.PC-3ML transfected cells), there was both a loss of these functions and a loss of tumorigenesis in SCID mice. Likewise, with the overexpression of let-7a/let-7f in pBABE.pre-let-7a-1.PC-3ML clones (and PCa-20a clones), CFAs, invasive activities in vitro, and tumorigenesis in vivo were significantly reduced. These results show for the first time that RPS2 blocks pre-let-7a-1 processing to enable ras and c-myc expression and the transformation of primary tumor cells.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"