COMPARATIVE STUDY
JOURNAL ARTICLE

Molecular characterization of 103 ovarian serous and mucinous tumors

Ildikó Vereczkey, Orsolya Serester, Judit Dobos, Mónika Gallai, Orsolya Szakács, Zoltán Szentirmay, Erika Tóth
Pathology Oncology Research: POR 2011, 17 (3): 551-9
21136228
The pathogenesis of ovarian carcinomas is heterogeneous, with even the same entities showing great variance. In our study we investigated the mutations of the BRAF, KRAS, and p53 genes in serous and mucinous borderline tumors and in low grade and high grade serous and mucinous tumors. The mutations of BRAF and KRAS genes have been shown in 60% of borderline and low grade (well differentiated) serous and mucinous tumors, but very rarely in high grade (moderately and poorly differentiated) carcinomas. However mutations of p53 are very common in high grade tumors and this indicates a "dualistic" model of ovarian tumorigenesis. A total of 80 serous tumors, including serous borderline, low grade and high grade tumors, and 23 mucinous tumors, including borderline and invasive tumors were analysed for BRAF and KRAS mutations using real time PCR method followed by melting point analysis. P53 mutation was investigated by immunohistochemistry. We assumed mutation of the p53 gene when 100% of tumor cells showed strong nuclear positivity. We observed differences in genetic alterations in the development of the low grade tumors and between low and high grade tumors too. In some bilateral or stage II-III cases we observed differences between the mutation status of the left and right ovarian tumors and between the primary tumor and its implants. In one case in a tumor with micropapillary pattern showing high grade nuclear atypia we could detect mutations in both KRAS and p53 genes. The majority of our mucinous ovarian tumor cases showed a KRAS mutation. We have not found mutations of the BRAF and p53 genes in these cases. We have found as have others, that there is a dualistic pathway of ovarian carcinogenesis. In the majority of cases, low grade epithelial tumors develop in a stepwise manner due to genetic alterations of the members of MAP-kinase pathway; however mutation of the p53 gene is the key event in the development of high grade tumors.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
21136228
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"