JOURNAL ARTICLE

Low prevalence of resistance to azoles in Aspergillus fumigatus in a French cohort of patients treated for haematological malignancies

Alexandre Alanio, Emilie Sitterlé, Martine Liance, Cécile Farrugia, Françoise Foulet, Françoise Botterel, Yosr Hicheri, Catherine Cordonnier, Jean-Marc Costa, Stéphane Bretagne
Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy 2011, 66 (2): 371-4
21131690

OBJECTIVES: An increase in invasive aspergillosis (IA) due to azole-resistant Aspergillus fumigatus isolates has been reported for 10 years. Our study aimed to estimate the prevalence of azole resistance in isolates prospectively collected in patients with haematological diseases.

METHODS: One hundred and eighteen isolates were collected from 89 consecutive patients over 4 years. Fifty-one patients had proven or probable IA. Species identification was ascertained based on β-tubulin gene sequencing. The MICs of azole drugs were determined using Etest(®), and the cyp51A gene and its promoter were sequenced to detect mutations.

RESULTS: All isolates were identified as A. fumigatus and all of them but one had itraconazole and voriconazole MICs of ≤ 2 mg/L and posaconazole MICs of ≤ 0.25 mg/L. An isolate for which the itraconazole MIC was high (itraconazole MIC = 16 mg/L; voriconazole MIC = 0.38 mg/L; and posaconazole MIC = 0.25 mg/L) was recovered from a patient naive to azole treatment and had a new G432S substitution. To establish whether this mutation existed in other isolates, the 1426-2025 bp cyp51A locus was sequenced for all. G432S was not found.

CONCLUSIONS: In A. fumigatus, the prevalence of azole resistance is currently low in the haematological population in the Paris area. Surveillance programmes for azole resistance to adapt antifungal treatments are warranted for clinical isolates of A. fumigatus.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
21131690
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"