JOURNAL ARTICLE

[Viral arthritides]

E Märker-Hermann, N Schütz, H Bauer
Zeitschrift Für Rheumatologie 2010, 69 (10): 871-8
21128048
Viruses are common etiologic agents of acute polyarthritis worldwide. Rheumatic symptoms are often accompanied by other viral symptoms such as fever, rash, myalgia or nausea, but isolated arthritis may occur resembling or imitating early rheumatoid arthritis. In Europe and North America, the most common arthritogenic viruses include parvovirus B19, rubella, hepatitis B and C, whereas mosquito-borne alpha-viruses are endemic in Africa, Australia, the western Pacific and South America. The latter have attracted the interest of European rheumatologists due to the increasing number of tourists travelling to these regions. Viruses may cause arthritis via various mechanisms, including direct synovial infection leading to cell lysis, immune complex formation or pro-inflammatory cytokine induction. Indirect viral pathogenic effects may induce autoimmune reactions via bystander activation or epitope spreading.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
21128048
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"

We want to hear from doctors like you!

Take a second to answer a survey question.