RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Clazosentan: prevention of cerebral vasospasm and the potential to overcome infarction.

Cerebral vasospasm is a common complication occurring after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). It is recognized as a leading preventable cause of morbidity and mortality in this patient group, but its management is challenging, and new treatments are needed. Clazosentan is an endothelin receptor antagonist designed to prevent endothelin-mediated cerebral vasospasm. Vajkoczy et al. (Neurosurg 103:9-17, 2005) initially demonstrated that clazosentan reduced moderate/severe angiographically proven vasospasm by 55% relative to placebo. These findings led to the initiation of the CONSCIOUS trial program to further examine the efficacy and safety of clazosentan in reducing angiographic vasospasm and improving clinical outcome after aneurysmal SAH. In the first of these studies, CONSCIOUS-1, 413 patients were randomized to placebo or clazosentan 1, 5 or 15 mg/h. Clazosentan reduced angiographic vasospasm dose-dependently relative to placebo with a maximum risk reduction of 65% with the highest dose. Despite this, there was no benefit of clazosentan on the secondary protocol-defined morbidity/mortality endpoint; however, additional post-hoc and modified endpoint analyses provided some evidence for a potential clinical benefit. Two additional large-scale studies (CONSCIOUS-2 and CONSCIOUS-3) are now underway to further investigate the potential of clazosentan to improve long-term clinical outcome.

Full text links

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Group 7SearchHeart failure treatmentPapersTopicsCollectionsEffects of Sodium-Glucose Cotransporter 2 Inhibitors for the Treatment of Patients With Heart Failure Importance: Only 1 class of glucose-lowering agents-sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors-has been reported to decrease the risk of cardiovascular events primarily by reducingSeptember 1, 2017: JAMA CardiologyAssociations of albuminuria in patients with chronic heart failure: findings in the ALiskiren Observation of heart Failure Treatment study.CONCLUSIONS: Increased UACR is common in patients with heart failure, including non-diabetics. Urinary albumin creatininineJul, 2011: European Journal of Heart FailureRandomized Controlled TrialEffects of Liraglutide on Clinical Stability Among Patients With Advanced Heart Failure and Reduced Ejection Fraction: A Randomized Clinical Trial.Review

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Read by QxMD is copyright © 2021 QxMD Software Inc. All rights reserved. By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app