Delayed intracranial hemorrhage associated with antiplatelet therapy in stent-assisted coil embolized cerebral aneurysms

Xiao-Dong Zhang, Hai-Tao Wu, Ji Zhu, Zhao-Hui He, Wei-Na Chai, Xiao-Chuan Sun
Acta Neurochirurgica. Supplement 2011, 110 (Pt 2): 133-9
Administration of oral clopidogrel plus aspirin is the most important regimen to reduce thromboembolic complications in stent-assisted coil embolization of cerebral aneurysm. However, such therapy may increase the risk of hemorrhage. The purpose of this study is to analyze the effect of two different antiplatelet regimens on hemorrhagic and thromboembolic complication rates around the stent-assisted coil embolization period. Records over a 2-year period were reviewed in a retrospective cohort study. For 49 consecutive stent-assisted coil embolization procedures over 41 patients, nine patients received routine antiplatelet drugs (300 mg aspirin and 75 mg clopidogrel) for 3 days before embolization, and 32 received a loading dose of antiplatelet drugs (300 mg aspirin and 300 mg clopidogrel) just before induction of anesthesia. Delayed intracerebral hemorrhage (DIH) was observed more often in the routine antiplatelet group (2/9 cases, 22.2%) in comparison with the loading group (0/32 cases, 0%; P = 0.044; Fisher exact test). The two hemorrhagic cases were both female, and occurred within 24 h of postembolization. The thromboembolic complication rates were not significantly different between the two groups. Oral administration of routine antiplatelet drugs for 3 days before stent-assisted coil embolization possibly increases the risk of delayed intracranial hemorrhage, compared to loading group. Symptomatic thromboembolic complications have no significant difference in the two different regimens.

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