Renal function as predictor of mortality in patients after percutaneous transcatheter aortic valve implantation

Jan-Malte Sinning, Alexander Ghanem, Hannah Steinhäuser, Viktoria Adenauer, Christoph Hammerstingl, Georg Nickenig, Nikos Werner
JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions 2010, 3 (11): 1141-9

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the influence of baseline renal function and periprocedural acute kidney injury (AKI) on prognosis after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI).

BACKGROUND: Evidence is growing that renal function is a major predictor of mortality in patients after TAVI.

METHODS: TAVI was performed with the 18-F CoreValve prosthesis via transfemoral access. All-cause mortality was determined 30 days and 1 year after TAVI in 77 patients with a mean Society of Thoracic Surgeons mortality score of 9.3 ± 6.1% and a mean logistic European System for Cardiac Operative Risk Evaluation of 31.2 ± 17.6%.

RESULTS: Overall procedural success rate was 98% with 1 periprocedural death. The 30-day mortality was 10%, and 1-year mortality was 26%. The mortality risk increased stepwise across quartiles of baseline serum creatinine. An AKI occurred in 20 of 77 patients: 12 patients (60%) with AKI died during follow-up. The incidence of AKI was related to peripheral arterial disease (65% vs. 39%; p = 0.04), the occurrence of a systemic inflammatory response syndrome (60% vs. 21%, p = 0.002), and post-procedural peri-prosthetic regurgitation ≥2+ (35% vs. 9%, p = 0.02). Impaired renal function at baseline reflected by serum creatinine ≥1.58 mg/dl (hazard ratio: 3.9, 95% confidence interval: 1.6 to 9.5; p = 0.002) and the occurrence of AKI (hazard ratio: 5.9, 95% confidence interval: 2.4 to 14.5, p < 0.001) that was not related to the amount of contrast dye were strong predictors of 1-year mortality after TAVI.

CONCLUSIONS: Impaired renal function at baseline and the occurrence of periprocedural AKI, independent whether renal function returns to baseline or not, are strong predictors of 30-day and 1-year mortality after TAVI.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"