Comparison of induction of labor with vaginal misoprostol plus oxytocin versus oxytocin alone in term primigravidae

Osman Balci, Alaa S Mahmoud, Ali Acar, Mehmet C Colakoglu
Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine 2011, 24 (9): 1084-7

OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy and complications of intravaginal misoprostol application before starting oxytocin infusion with oxytocin infusion alone for labor induction in term primigravidae pregnancies with low-Bishop score.

METHODS: This randomized study included 101 primigravidae women with singleton pregnancies >38 weeks and a Bishop score of <6. Group 1 (50 patients) received a 50-μg dose of intravaginal misoprostol, with an oxytocin infusion started 3 h later. Group 2 (51 patients) received only an oxytocin infusion for labor induction. The time from induction to delivery, the route of delivery and complications were analyzed.

RESULTS: The mean time from induction to delivery was 10.4 ± 2.1 h in Group 1 and 13.7 ± 3.4 in Group 2 (p < 0.001). The rates of vaginal delivery, Apgar scores at 1st and 5th min, placental abruption, and postpartum hemorrhage were similar between the two groups.

CONCLUSION: Intravaginal application of 50-μg misoprostol before starting oxytocin infusion is a more effective method of labor induction than oxytocin infusion alone in term primigravidae pregnant women with low-Bishop scores.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"