A possible association of EMID2 polymorphisms with aspirin hypersensitivity in asthma

Charisse Flerida A Pasaje, Jeong-Hyun Kim, Byung-Lae Park, Hyun Sub Cheong, Mi-Kyeong Kim, Inseon S Choi, Sang Heon Cho, Chein-Soo Hong, Yong Won Lee, Jae-Young Lee, In Song Koh, Tae-Joon Park, Jin-Sol Lee, Yongha Kim, Joon Seol Bae, Choon-Sik Park, Hyoung Doo Shin
Immunogenetics 2011, 63 (1): 13-21
Aspirin-intolerant asthma (AIA) is an asthma phenotype characterized by the development of bronchoconstriction following ingestion of aspirin. Despite the well-defined pathological trigger, the underlying mechanisms of AIA are still unclear. With the biophysical characteristics of the human EMI domain-containing protein 2 (EMID2) gene in relation to the extracellular matrix deposition and epithelial-mesenchymal transition as pivotal characteristics of airway remodeling in asthma, we hypothesized that genetic polymorphisms of EMID2 might affect the development of AIA. In this study, the allelic associations of 49 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of the human EMID2 gene were evaluated from 163 AIA patients and 429 aspirin-tolerant asthma (ATA) subjects as controls in a Korean population. Logistic analysis showed that five SNPs (P = 0.01-0.04, but P (corr) > 0.05) and EMID2_BL2_ht2 haplotype (unique to the minor alleles of rs4727494 and rs13233066; P = 0.02; P (corr) = 0.02) were significantly associated with AIA. More interestingly, regression analysis of the decline of forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV(1)) by aspirin provocation revealed that 10 SNPs (P = 0.003-0.04) and four relevant haplotypes (P = 0.002-0.02) were significantly associated with the fall rate of FEV(1) by aspirin provocation, indicating that genetic polymorphisms of EMID2 could cause meaningful deficits in the upper and lower airways among AIA patients. These findings provide evidence that EMID2 may be a susceptible genetic factor for aspirin hypersensitivity among asthmatics in Korean population.

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