Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Otologic features in children with primary ciliary dyskinesia.

OBJECTIVES: To analyze otologic features in patients with primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD) aged 0 to 18 years and to evaluate the correlation between ultrastructural defects and severity of otologic features.

DESIGN: Retrospective study.

SETTING: Pediatric referral center.

PATIENTS: Fifty-eight patients with PCD were evaluated in the following 4 age intervals: group 1, preschool (≤ 5 years [n = 47]); group 2, school (6-11 years [n = 50]); group 3, teenagers (12-17 years [n = 34]); and group 4, young adults (≥ 18 years; 27 years for the oldest [n = 10]). Follow-up was 2 to 6 years in each age group; 26 patients had total follow-up of more than 12 years. Ultrastructural defects occurred in the outer dynein arm (n = 33), the inner dynein arm (n = 13), and the central complex (n = 11). One patient had typical Kartagener syndrome with typical PCD features but normal ciliary ultrastructure.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Frequency of acute otitis media, otitis media with effusion, otorrhea, chronic otitis media, hearing loss, and middle ear surgery and type of antibiotic regimen according to age and type of defect.

RESULTS: Recurrent acute otitis media decreased from group 1 (32 of 47 [68%]) to group 4 (0 of 10 [0%]) (P < .001). Otitis media with effusion was more severe in groups 1 through 3 than in group 4 (P = .02). Otorrhea decreased in group 4: 30% vs 80% (3 of 10 vs 36 of 41) in the other groups (P < .001). Half of the patients with tympanostomy tubes eventually had tympanic perforation. Hearing loss was moderate in groups 1 through 3 and mild in group 4. Continuous antibiotic therapy could be slightly reduced only in group 4. Central complex defect was a significant marker of severity for all these criteria.

CONCLUSIONS: Despite continuous antibiotic therapy, the middle ear condition in PCD remained severe throughout childhood, with improvement only after age 18 years. Armstrong grommet placement did not improve the middle ear condition. Central complex defect is a marker of severity.

Full text links

We have located links that may give you full text access.
Can't access the paper?
Try logging in through your university/institutional subscription. For a smoother one-click institutional access experience, please use our mobile app.

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Group 7SearchHeart failure treatmentPapersTopicsCollectionsEffects of Sodium-Glucose Cotransporter 2 Inhibitors for the Treatment of Patients With Heart Failure Importance: Only 1 class of glucose-lowering agents-sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors-has been reported to decrease the risk of cardiovascular events primarily by reducingSeptember 1, 2017: JAMA CardiologyAssociations of albuminuria in patients with chronic heart failure: findings in the ALiskiren Observation of heart Failure Treatment study.CONCLUSIONS: Increased UACR is common in patients with heart failure, including non-diabetics. Urinary albumin creatininineJul, 2011: European Journal of Heart FailureRandomized Controlled TrialEffects of Liraglutide on Clinical Stability Among Patients With Advanced Heart Failure and Reduced Ejection Fraction: A Randomized Clinical Trial.Review

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Read by QxMD is copyright © 2021 QxMD Software Inc. All rights reserved. By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

You can now claim free CME credits for this literature searchClaim now

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app