JOURNAL ARTICLE

Cerebral blood flow and metabolism during mild hypothermia in patients with severe traumatic brain injury

Hiroyuki Masaoka
Journal of Medical and Dental Sciences 2010, 57 (2): 133-8
21073131
Cerebral blood flow (CBF) measurements during mild hypothermia therapy were made in 30 adult patients with severe head injuries (Glasgow Coma Scale score < or =18), by xenon enhanced computed tomography (Xe-CT). All patients but one underwent removal of hematomas and decompressive craniectomy. Immediately after surgery, hypothermia was induced by surface cooling, and a brain temperature of 32-35 degrees C was maintained for 3 days. During hypothermia therapy, CBF measurements by Xe-CT were made for all patients on post-injury days 1 to 4. From the arteriovenous-oxygen content difference and CBF values, the cerebral metabolic rate of oxygen (CMRO2) values were obtained. Outcome was assessed at discharge according to the patients' Glasgow Outcome Scale (GOS) scores. Patients were divided into two groups based on their outcomes. Nineteen patients (63%) showed good outcomes (GOS score of 4 or 5) and 11 (37%) showed poor outcomes (GOS score of 1, 2, or 3). Statistically significant differences were obtained for the mean global CBF and CMRO2 values between the good and poor outcome groups. In this study, we demonstrated that CBF measurement may be useful to predict neurological outcomes following severe traumatic brain injury in patients undergoing hypothermia as well as to identify those who might not likely benefit from hypothermia therapy.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
21073131
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"