Ethyl gallate, a scavenger of hydrogen peroxide that inhibits lysozyme-induced hydrogen peroxide signaling in vitro, reverses hypotension in canine septic shock

Steven N Mink, Hans Jacobs, Jose Gotes, Krika Kasian, Zhao-Qin Cheng
Journal of Applied Physiology 2011, 110 (2): 359-74
Although hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) is a well-described reactive oxygen species that is known for its cytotoxic effects and associated tissue injury, H2O2 has recently been established as an important signaling molecule. We previously demonstrated that lysozyme (Lzm-S), a mediator of sepsis that is released from leukocytes, could produce vasodilation in a phenylephrine-constricted carotid artery preparation by H2O2 signaling. We found that Lzm-S could intrinsically generate H2O2 and that this generation activated H2O2-dependent pathways. In the present study, we used this carotid artery preparation as a bioassay to define those antioxidants that could inhibit Lzm-S's vasodilatory effect. We then determined whether this antioxidant could reverse the hypotension that developed in an Escherichia coli bacteremic model. Of the many antioxidants tested, we found that ethyl gallate (EG), a nonflavonoid phenolic compound, was favorable in inhibiting Lzm-S-induced vasodilation. In our E. coli model, we found that EG reversed the hypotension that developed in this model and attenuated end-organ dysfunction. By fluorometric H2O2 assay and electrochemical probe techniques, we showed that EG could scavenge H2O2 and that it could reduce H2O2 production in model systems. These results show that EG, an antioxidant that was found to scavenge H2O2 in vitro, was able to attenuate cardiovascular dysfunction in a canine in vivo preparation. Antioxidants such as EG may be useful in the treatment of hemodynamic deterioration in septic shock.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"