High incidence and frequency of LOH are associated with aggressive features of high-grade HER2 and triple-negative breast cancers

Eriko Tokunaga, Satoko Okada, Nami Yamashita, Sayuri Akiyoshi, Hiroyuki Kitao, Masaru Morita, Yoshihiro Kakeji, Yoshihiko Maehara
Breast Cancer: the Journal of the Japanese Breast Cancer Society 2012, 19 (2): 161-9

BACKGROUND: Basal-like and HER2-overexpressing breast carcinomas are histologically undifferentiated, high-grade tumors with a high proliferation rate and associated with a poor outcome. Most basal-like tumors lack the expression of ER, PR, and HER2 (triple-negative; TN). Loss of heterozygosity (LOH) is thought to reflect random chromosomal instability, and recent studies have shown that DNA-copy number alterations or LOH occur with a high frequency in basal-like and HER2-amplified tumors.

METHODS: The levels and patterns of LOH were analyzed by the microsatellite alteration analysis using fluorescence-labeled primers and an automated DNA sequencer at 5 randomly selected loci in 246 Japanese primary breast cancers. Associations between the level of LOH and breast cancer subtypes and tumor aggressiveness were investigated.

RESULTS: The incidence and frequency of LOH was significantly higher in HER2 (56.3, 26.7%) and TN groups (44.4, 27.1%) than in luminal A (ER-positive and/or PR-positive and HER2-negative) groups (32.0, 12.2%). The incidence and frequency of LOH increased as nuclear grade was elevated. There were significantly more grade 3 tumors in the HER2 (80.0%) and TN (68.2%) subgroups (p < 0.0001). Even in HER2 and TN cases, the incidence and frequency of LOH was significantly higher in nuclear grade 3 cases than in grade 1 or 2 cases. Relapse-free survival of patients with LOH was significantly shorter than for those without LOH. In addition, the survival time was shorter as the frequency of LOH elevated. The incidence of LOH was an independent prognostic factor for relapse-free survival by multivariate analysis.

CONCLUSION: High incidence and frequency of LOH, which indicate increased genetic instability, were found to be associated with the aggressive features of high-grade HER2 and TN breast cancers.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"