Andrographolide-induced pi class of glutathione S-transferase gene expression via PI3K/Akt pathway in rat primary hepatocytes

Chia-Yang Lu, Chien-Chun Li, Chong-Kuei Lii, Hsien-Tsung Yao, Kai-Li Liu, Chia-Wen Tsai, Haw-Wen Chen
Food and Chemical Toxicology 2011, 49 (1): 281-9
Andrographis paniculata is an herb widely used in China, Korea, and India for its anti-hepatotoxic, anti-viral, and anti-inflammatory effects. Andrographolide is the major bioactive diterpene lactone in A. paniculata. The pi class of glutathione S-transferase (GSTP) is one of the phase II biotransformation enzymes. Our previous study indicated that andrographolide upregulates the expression of GSTP. The aim of this study was to investigate the mechanism by which andrographolide induces GSTP gene expression in rat primary hepatocytes. In hepatocytes treated with 40 μM andrographolide, immunoblots showed maximal Akt phosphorylation at 0.5 h and maximal c-jun phosphorylation at 3 h. However, pretreatment with PI3K inhibitors, wortmannin and LY294002, or siPI3K inhibited the andrographolide-induced phosphorylation of c-jun and GSTP protein expression. EMSA showed that pretreatment with wortmannin, LY294002, or siPI3K attenuated the AP-1-DNA-binding activity caused by andrographolide. Results of immunoprecipitation indicated that nuclear c-fos/c-jun heterodimer increases with andrographolide treatment. Addition of antibodies against c-jun and c-fos decreased nuclear protein bound to the AP-1 consensus DNA sequence. In summary, andrographolide induces GSTP gene expression in rat primary hepatocytes through activation of the PI3K/Akt, phosphorylation of c-jun, nuclear accumulation of AP-1, and subsequent binding to the response element in the gene promoter region.

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