Metabolic profiling of human urine by CE-MS using a positively charged capillary coating and comparison with UPLC-MS

Rawi Ramautar, Ekaterina Nevedomskaya, Oleg A Mayboroda, André M Deelder, Ian D Wilson, Helen G Gika, Georgios A Theodoridis, Govert W Somsen, Gerhardus J de Jong
Molecular BioSystems 2011, 7 (1): 194-9
The potential of capillary electrophoresis time-of-flight mass spectrometry (CE-TOF-MS) using capillaries coated with a triple layer of polybrene-dextran sulfate-polybrene (PB-DS-PB) was evaluated for metabolic profiling of human urine. The method covers various metabolite classes and stable metabolic profiles of urine samples were obtained with favourable migration time repeatability (RSDs <1%). The PB-DS-PB CE-TOF-MS method was used for the analysis of human urine samples from 30 males and 30 females, which had been previously analyzed by reversed-phase UPLC-TOF-MS. Multivariate data analysis of the obtained data provided clear distinction between urine samples from males and females, emphasizing gender differences in metabolic signatures. Nearly all compounds responsible for male-female classification in CE-TOF-MS were different from the classifying compounds in UPLC-TOF-MS. Almost all compounds causing classification in the CE-TOF-MS study were highly polar and did not exhibit retention in the reversed-phase UPLC system. In addition, the CE-TOF-MS classifiers had an m/z value in the range of 50-150, whereas 95% of the classifying features found with UPLC-TOF-MS had an m/z value above 150. The CE-TOF-MS method therefore appears to be highly complementary to the UPLC-TOF-MS method providing classification based on different classes of metabolites.

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