Role of ATP synthase alpha subunit in low-dose endothelial monocyte-activating polypeptide-II-induced opening of the blood-tumor barrier

Zhen Li, Yun-hui Liu, Yi-xue Xue, Hui Xie, Li-bo Liu
Journal of the Neurological Sciences 2011 January 15, 300 (1): 52-8
This study was performed to determine whether the α subunit of ATP synthase (α-ATP synthase) on brain microvascular endothelial cells (BMECs) serves as the functional target for endothelial monocyte-activating polypeptide-II (EMAP-II)-induced increase in blood-tumor barrier (BTB) permeability. Using a rat C6 glioma model, we found that low-dose (80 ng/kg) EMAP-II significantly decreased the mRNA and protein expression levels of tight junction (TJ)-related proteins claudin-5, occludin, and ZO-1 on BMECs. Meantime, radioimmunity and Western blot assay showed a significant decrease in the expression levels of cAMP and catalytic subunit of protein kinase A (PKAcs) of tumor tissues. Also, pretreatment with specific α-ATP synthase antibody significantly blocked the effects of EMAP-II on TJ-related proteins, cAMP, and PKAcs. In addition, double immunofluorescence assay identified that EMAP-II was co-localized with α-ATP synthase on BMECs. This in vivo study demonstrated that α subunit of ATP synthase on BMECs serves as the functional target for EMAP-II selective opening of the BTB, and that cAMP/PKA signaling transduction pathway might be involved in the modulating process.

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