Functional integration of DNA purification and concentration into a real time micro-PCR chip

Junhong Min, Joon-Ho Kim, Youngsun Lee, Kak Namkoong, Hae-Cheon Im, Han-Nah Kim, Hae-Yeong Kim, Nam Huh, Young-Rok Kim
Lab on a Chip 2011 January 21, 11 (2): 259-65
Microfluidic devices for on-chip amplification of DNA from various biological and environmental samples have gained extensive attention over the past decades with many applications including molecular diagnostics of disease, food safety and biological warfare testing. But the integration of sample preparation functions into the chip remains a major hurdle for practical application of the chip-based diagnostic system. We present a PCR-based molecular diagnostic device comprised of a microfabricated chip and a centrifugal force assisted liquid handling tube (CLHT) that is designed to carry out concentration and purification of DNA and subsequent amplification of the target gene in a single chip. The reaction chamber of the chip contains an array of pillar structures to increase the surface area for capturing DNA from a raw sample of macro volume in the presence of kosmotropic agents. The CLHT was designed to provide an effective interface between sample preparation and the microfluidic PCR chip. We have characterized the effect of various fluidic parameters including DNA capture, amplification efficiency and centrifugal pressure generated upon varying sample volume. We also evaluated the performance of this system for quantitative detection of E. coli O157:H7. From the samples containing 10(1) to 10(4) cells per mL, the C(T) value linearly increased from 25.1 to 34.8 with an R(2) value greater than 0.98. With the effectiveness and simplicity of operation, this system will provide an effective interface between macro and micro systems and bridge chip-based molecular diagnosis with practical applications.

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