Comparison of platelet P2Y(12) ADP receptor-mediated pathway inhibition in triple versus dual antiplatelet therapy as assessed by VASP-phosphorylation in Japanese patients undergoing coronary stenting

Qiang Fu, Naoyuki Yokoyama, Kaoru Takada, Shuichi Ishikawa, Takaaki Isshiki
International Heart Journal 2010, 51 (5): 303-7
Despite wide interindividual variability in response to clopidogrel, platelet P2Y(12) ADP receptor inhibition in Japanese patients has not been fully studied using specific methodology. This study compared platelet P2Y(12) ADP receptor inhibition during treatment with clopidogrel versus clopidogrel plus cilostazol in patients undergoing coronary stenting. Forty-two patients in whom platelet function was measured within 2 months after coronary stenting were enrolled. All patients were treated with aspirin 100 or 200 mg/day, and were divided into a dual therapy group (aspirin plus clopidogrel 75 mg/day; n = 34) and a triple therapy group (aspirin plus clopidogrel 75 mg/day plus cilostazol 200 mg/day; n = 8). Vasodilator-stimulated phosphoprotein (VASP) phosphorylation analysis and 5 and 20 µmol/L-induced maximal platelet aggregation were assessed. No differences were found in baseline characteristics except for a higher incidence of diabetes mellitus (DM) in the triple therapy group. Although there were no differences in platelet aggregation between the 2 groups, VASP index was significantly lower in the triple therapy group than in the dual therapy group (23.1 ± 15.3% versus 51.2 ± 19.9%; P = 0.001). The rate of low responsiveness to clopidogrel, defined by VASP index > 50%, was lower in the triple therapy group than in the dual therapy group (12.5% versus 55.9%; P = 0.047). Similarly, in DM patients the triple therapy group had a lower VASP index compared with the dual therapy group (23.1 ± 15.3% versus 47.0 ± 23.5%; P = 0.015).Clopidogrel plus cilostazol is more effective in inhibiting the platelet P2Y(12) ADP receptor pathway than clopidogrel alone. This may be useful for reducing clopidogrel resistance in Japanese patients.

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