JOURNAL ARTICLE

Involvement of apolipophorin III in antibacterial defense of Galleria mellonella larvae

Agnieszka Zdybicka-Barabas, Małgorzata Cytryńska
Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part B, Biochemistry & Molecular Biology 2011, 158 (1): 90-8
20959145
Apolipophorin III (apoLp-III) is an abundant hemolymph protein involved in lipid transport and immune response in insects. We investigated involvement of apoLp-III in the antibacterial response in Galleria mellonella larvae. Immune challenge with Gram-negative (Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae) and Gram-positive (Micrococcus luteus) bacteria led to an increase in the level of apoLp-III in G. mellonella hemolymph, 0.5-2h and 8h after treatment, respectively. ApoLp-III purified from larval hemolymph as well as that present in hemolymph extracts adsorbed on the surface of different bacteria. The adsorption capacity of apoLp-III on bacterial cells prompted us to investigate the effect of this phenomenon on bacterial growth. Our results demonstrate antibacterial activity of apoLp-III against selected Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria in vitro. Among bacteria tested, Salmonella typhimurium and K. pneumoniae were the most sensitive to apoLp-III. LIVE/DEAD staining of bacteria incubated with purified apoLp-III revealed their growth inhibition; however, neither morphological changes in the cell shape nor formation of cell aggregates was noticed. The results suggest that apoLp-III is a multifunctional protein in G. mellonella hemolymph.

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