A primary study of diffusion tensor imaging-based histogram analysis in vascular cognitive impairment with no dementia

Yan Zhou, Qun-Xu, Lin-di Qin, Li-jun Qian, Wei-wen Cao, Jian-rong Xu
Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery 2011, 113 (2): 92-7

PURPOSE: This study performed diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) histogram analysis and voxel-based analysis (VBA) to detect white matter (WM) damage in patients with vascular cognitive impairment with no dementia (VCIND) and to determine correlations between DTI histogram-derived measures and cognitive dysfunction in these patients.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Among patients with subcortical ischemic vascular disease, 18 patients with VCIND were selected along with 18 age- and sex-matched cognitive-normal subjects. Both groups underwent magnetic resonance and DTI scans, and fractional anisotropy (FA) changes in VBA between the two groups were assessed. Further, mean diffusivity (MD) and FA histograms of WM and normal-appearing WM (NAWM) in each subject were evaluated.

RESULTS: Compared to control, the VCIND group showed lower FA values throughout the brain. FA and MD histogram patterns of WM and NAWM were significantly different between the groups. Significant differences were found in all DTI histogram-derived measures, except in the mean FA peak height of WM and mean MD peak location of NAWM. Neuropsychological results (z-scores) were found to be significantly correlated with mean FA peak location, average MD, mean MD peak location of WM, and mean FA peak height, average MD, mean MD peak location of NAWM.

CONCLUSIONS: Results of VBA and diffusion tensor imaging-based histogram analysis suggest that VCIND patients have more severe damage in WM and NAWM than the control. Thus, the severity of damage in WM and NAWM may be related with cognitive dysfunction in VCIND patients, and DTI histogram analysis can help in further understanding VCIND.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"