Attainment of Canadian and European guidelines' lipid targets with atorvastatin plus ezetimibe vs. doubling the dose of atorvastatin

L A Leiter, H Bays, S Conard, J Lin, M E Hanson, A Shah, A M Tershakovec
International Journal of Clinical Practice 2010, 64 (13): 1765-72

BACKGROUND: Canadian and European treatment guidelines identify low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) as a primary treatment target for hypercholesterolaemia.

OBJECTIVES: This post hoc analysis compared ezetimibe 10 mg (ezetimibe) added to atorvastatin vs. doubling the atorvastatin dose on achievement of the 2009 Canadian Cardiovascular Society (CCS) and the 2007 Joint European Prevention Guidelines primary and optional secondary lipid targets and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) levels.

METHODS: After stabilisation on atorvastatin, hypercholesterolaemic patients at moderately high risk (MHR) for coronary heart disease (CHD) not at LDL-C < 2.6 mmol/l were randomised to atorvastatin 20 mg vs. doubling their atorvastatin dose to 40 mg; and patients at high risk (HR) for CHD not at LDL-C < 1.8 mmol/l were randomised to atorvastatin 40 mg plus ezetimibe vs. doubling their atorvastatin dose to 80 mg for 6 weeks.

RESULTS: When treated with atorvastatin plus ezetimibe, MHR and HR patients had greater attainment of LDL-C, most lipids and lipoproteins and/or hs-CRP targets compared with doubling their atorvastatin dose. More MHR and HR patients achieved dual targets of LDL-C and: Apolipoprotein (Apo) B, total cholesterol (total-C), total-C/high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), non-HDL-C, triglycerides, Apo B/Apo A-I or hs-CRP with ezetimibe + atorvastatin treatment compared with doubling their atorvastatin dose.

CONCLUSIONS: These results demonstrated greater achievement of single/dual treatment targets as set by Canadian and European treatment guidelines with ezetimibe added to atorvastatin 20 mg or 40 mg compared with doubling the atorvastatin dose to 40 mg or 80 mg in MHR and HR patients, respectively.

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