Two port laparoscopic ventral hernia mesh repair: an innovative technical advancement

Prateek K Mehrotra, C S Ramachandran, Vijay Arora
International Journal of Surgery 2011, 9 (1): 79-82
Ventral hernia is a common surgical problem. The traditional open surgical repair has the disadvantage of excessive morbidity, long hospital stay and high recurrence rates. Laparoscopic ventral hernia repair (LVHR) is gaining acceptance but there is no standardized technique for the repair of these hernias. We have introduced an innovative technique of 2-port laparoscopic mesh repair for ventral and incisional hernias. Between January 2002 and September 2008, 168 patients underwent the 2-port repair of ventral hernias at our institution, with Bard polypropylene mesh in 162 cases and Gore-tex expanded polytetrafloroethylene mesh in 6 patients. The average size of the defects was 10.2 cm (6.6-24.8 cm). Mean operating time was 61.4 min (48-102 min). The mean post-operative hospital stay was 1.2 days. Prolonged ileus over one day occurred in 22 patients while 6 patients had urinary retention in the post-operative period. There were 6 recurrences (3.94%) in the mean follow up period of 42 months (6-62 months). Seroma formation occurred in 5.3% cases but all of them subsided within 6 weeks without any active intervention. In conclusion we recommend that the 2-port LVHR is a technically sound procedure which is less invasive and with comparable complication rates to the 3 or 4 port hernia repair.

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