Inhibition of TNF-α-induced adhesion molecule expression by diosgenin in mouse vascular smooth muscle cells via downregulation of the MAPK, Akt and NF-κB signaling pathways

Ko-Woon Choi, Hye-Jin Park, Da-Hye Jung, Tae-Wan Kim, Yoon-Moon Park, Byung-Oh Kim, Eun-Hwa Sohn, Eun-Yi Moon, Sung Hee Um, Dong-Kwon Rhee, Suhkneung Pyo
Vascular Pharmacology 2010, 53 (5-6): 273-80
Atherosclerosis is a chronic inflammatory disease and the expression of adhesion molecules on vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) contributes to the progress of the disease. Diosgenin, a precursor of steroid hormones, has been shown to have a variety of biological activities including anti-inflammatory activity; however, its molecular mechanisms are poorly understood. This study examined the effect of diosgenin on the expression of adhesion molecules induced by TNF-α in cultured mouse VSMC cell line, MOVAS-1. Preincubation of VSMCs for 2h with diosgenin (0.1-10 μM) dose-dependently inhibited TNF-α-induced adhesion of THP-1 monocytic cells and mRNA and protein expression of vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1). Diosgenin abrogated TNF-α induced production of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) and phosphorylation of p38, ERK, JNK and Akt. Diosgenin was also shown to inhibit NK-κB activation induced by TNF-α. Furthermore, diosgenin inhibited TNF-α-induced IκB kinase activation, subsequent degradation of IκBα, and nuclear translocation of NF-κB. Our results indicate that diosgenin inhibits the adhesive capacity of VSMC and the TNF-α-mediated induction of ICAM-1 and VCAM-1 in VSMC by inhibiting the MAPK/Akt/NF-κB signaling pathway and ROS production, which may explain the ability of diosgenin to suppress inflammation within the atherosclerotic lesion and modulate immune response.

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