In vivo pharmacodynamic activity of tomopenem (formerly CS-023) against Pseudomonas aeruginosa and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in a murine thigh infection model

Kiyoshi Sugihara, Chika Sugihara, Yoko Matsushita, Naotoshi Yamamura, Mitsutoshi Uemori, Akane Tokumitsu, Harumi Inoue, Masayo Kakuta, Eiko Namba, Hatsumi Nasu, Tetsufumi Koga
Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy 2010, 54 (12): 5298-302
Tomopenem (formerly CS-023) is a novel carbapenem with broad-spectrum activities against diverse hospital pathogens, including Pseudomonas aeruginosa and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). We examined the in vivo pharmacodynamic characteristics of tomopenem against P. aeruginosa and MRSA by using a neutropenic murine thigh infection model with P. aeruginosa 12467 (MIC, 1 μg/ml) and MRSA 12372 (MIC, 2 μg/ml). The mice had 10(6) to 10(7) CFU/thigh of each strain 2 h after inoculation and were treated for 24 h with a fractionated administration of tomopenem given at intervals of 3, 6, 12, and 24 h. The serum protein binding of tomopenem was 17.4%. The efficacy of tomopenem in both infection models was enhanced by frequent dosing, which indicates that the efficacy is driven by the time above MIC (T(MIC)). In a sigmoid model, the cumulative percentages of the 24-h period that the concentrations of free, unbound fractions of the drug exceeded the MIC under steady-state pharmacokinetic conditions (f%T(MIC)s) were best correlated with efficacy when R(2) was 0.79 and 0.86 against P. aeruginosa and MRSA, respectively. Other pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic (PK-PD) indexes for the free, unbound fractions, the area under the concentration-time curve over 24 h in the steady state divided by the MIC (AUC/MIC) and the maximum concentration of the drug in serum divided by the MIC (C(max)/MIC), showed poor correlation with efficacy when R(2) was ≤0.42. The f%T(MIC) values required for a static effect, 1-log kill, and 2-log kill against P. aeruginosa were 29, 39, and 51, respectively, which were similar to those for meropenem, for which the values were 24, 33, and 45, respectively. Against MRSA, the values for tomopenem were 27, 35, and 47. In conclusion, the pharmacodynamic characteristics of tomopenem were similar to those of meropenem against P. aeruginosa, and there was no difference between the target values for P. aeruginosa and MRSA required for efficacy in this study.

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