JOURNAL ARTICLE

α-TEA induces apoptosis of human breast cancer cells via activation of TRAIL/DR5 death receptor pathway

Weiping Yu, Richa Tiwary, Jing Li, Sook-Kyung Park, Li Jia, Ailian Xiong, Marla Simmons-Menchaca, Bob G Sanders, Kimberly Kline
Molecular Carcinogenesis 2010, 49 (11): 964-73
20886583
Vitamin E derivative RRR-α-tocopherol ether-linked acetic acid analog (α-TEA) induces apoptosis in MCF-7 and HCC-1954 human breast cancer cells in a dose- and time-dependent manner. α-TEA induces increased levels of tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) and death receptor-5 (DR5) and decreased levels of antiapoptotic factor, cellular FLICE-like inhibitory protein (c-FLIP L). DR5/TRAIL induced apoptosis involves downregulation of c-FLIP (L), caspase-8 activation, activated proapoptotic mediators tBid and Bax, mitochondrial permeability transition, and activation of caspase-9. siRNA knockdown of either DR5 or TRAIL blocks the ability of α-TEA to enhance DR5 protein levels, downregulate c-FLIP(L) protein levels and induce apoptosis. Combination of α-TEA + TRAIL acts cooperatively to induce apoptosis, and increase DR5 and decrease c-FLIP (L) protein levels. siRNA knockdown of c-FLIP produces a low level of spontaneous apoptosis and enhances α-TEA- and TRAIL-induced apoptosis. Taken together, these studies show that α-TEA induces TRAIL/DR5 mitochondria-dependent apoptosis in human breast cancer cells, and that TRAIL/DR5-dependent increases in DR5 and decreases in c-FLIP expression are triggered by TRAIL or α-TEA treatments.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
20886583
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"