Dual inhibition of PI3K and mTORC1/2 signaling by NVP-BEZ235 as a new therapeutic strategy for acute myeloid leukemia

Nicolas Chapuis, Jerome Tamburini, Alexa S Green, Christine Vignon, Valerie Bardet, Aymeric Neyret, Melanie Pannetier, Lise Willems, Sophie Park, Alexandre Macone, Sauveur-Michel Maira, Norbert Ifrah, François Dreyfus, Olivier Herault, Catherine Lacombe, Patrick Mayeux, Didier Bouscary
Clinical Cancer Research 2010 November 15, 16 (22): 5424-35

PURPOSE: The growth and survival of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cells are enhanced by the deregulation of signaling pathways such as phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt and mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR). Major efforts have thus been made to develop molecules targeting these activated pathways. The mTOR serine/threonine kinase belongs to two separate complexes: mTORC1 and mTORC2. The mTORC1 pathway is rapamycin sensitive and controls protein translation through the phosphorylation of 4E-BP1 in most models. In AML, however, the translation process is deregulated and rapamycin resistant. Furthermore, the activity of PI3K/Akt and mTOR is closely related, as mTORC2 activates the oncogenic kinase Akt. We therefore tested, in this study, the antileukemic activity of the dual PI3K/mTOR ATP-competitive inhibitor NVP-BEZ235 compound (Novartis).

EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: The activity of NVP-BEZ235 was tested in primary AML samples (n = 21) and human leukemic cell lines. The different signaling pathways were analyzed by Western blotting. The cap-dependent mRNA translation was studied by 7-methyl-GTP pull-down experiments, polysomal analysis, and [(3)H]leucine incorporation assays. The antileukemic activity of NVP-BEZ235 was tested by analyzing its effects on leukemic progenitor clonogenicity, blast cell proliferation, and survival.

RESULTS: The NVP-BEZ235 compound was found to inhibit PI3K and mTORC1 signaling and also mTORC2 activity. Furthermore, NVP-BEZ235 fully inhibits the rapamycin-resistant phosphorylation of 4E-BP1, resulting in a marked inhibition of protein translation in AML cells. Hence, NVP-BEZ235 reduces the proliferation rate and induces an important apoptotic response in AML cells without affecting normal CD34(+) survival.

CONCLUSIONS: Our results clearly show the antileukemic efficiency of the NVP-BEZ235 compound, which therefore represents a promising option for future AML therapies.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"