Tolerogenic dendritic cells induce CD4+CD25hiFoxp3+ regulatory T cell differentiation from CD4+CD25-/loFoxp3- effector T cells

Hui Huang, Wojciech Dawicki, Xiaobei Zhang, Jennifer Town, John R Gordon
Journal of Immunology 2010 November 1, 185 (9): 5003-10
IL-10-differentiated dendritic cells (DC10) induce allergen tolerance in asthmatic mice, during which their lung Th2 effector T cells (Teffs) are displaced by activated CD4(+)CD25(hi)Foxp3(+) T cells. Intestinal DCs promote oral tolerance by inducing Ag-naive T cells to differentiate into CD4(+)CD25(+)Foxp3(+) regulatory T cells (Tregs), but whether DCs can induce Teffs to differentiate into Tregs remains uncertain. In this study, we addressed this question in OVA-asthmatic mice that were treated with DC10. OVA-presenting DC10 treatment maximally activated lung Tregs in these animals at 3 wk posttreatment, as determined by upregulation of activation markers (ICOS, programmed cell death-1, glucocorticoid-induced TNFR-related protein, LAG3, and CTLA-4) and in functional assays. This in vitro regulatory activity was ≥90% reduced by treatment with anti-IL-10 but not anti-TGF-β Abs. In parallel cultures, OVA- but not house dust mite (HDM)-presenting DC10 induced ≈43% of CFSE-labeled CD25(-/lo)Foxp3(-) Teffs from asthmatic OVA-TCR transgenic mice to differentiate into tolerogenic CD25(hi)Foxp3(+) Tregs. We recapitulated this in vivo using OVA-asthmatic mice that were coinjected with OVA- or HDM-presenting DC10 (i.p.) and CFSE-labeled CD4(+)CD25(-/lo)Foxp3(-) Teffs (i.v.) from the lungs of asthmatic DO11.10 mice. From ≈7 to 21% of the activated (i.e., dividing) DO11.10 Teffs that were recovered from the lungs, lung-draining lymph nodes, or spleens of the OVA-DC10 recipients had differentiated into CD4(+)CD25(hi)Foxp3(+) Tregs, whereas no CFSE-positive Tregs were recovered from the HDM-DC10-treated animals. These data indicate that DC10 treatments induce tolerance at least in part by inducing Teffs to differentiate into CD4(+)CD25(hi)Foxp3(+) Tregs.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"