JOURNAL ARTICLE
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Long-term follow-up of patients with candiduria.

Candiduria is commonly encountered in hospitalized patients, particularly those with indwelling urinary catheters. While risk factors and therapy are well described in previous studies, little is known about long-term outcomes and recurrence rates of candiduria. We studied 188 patients with candiduria in a retrospective chart review at a single institution from January 1999 to December 2000. Data were collected regarding risk factors and underlying disease, therapy, follow-up cultures until December 2003, and mortality. Ninety-one patients with at least one follow-up culture >1 month after the initial culture (range 2-48) were available for further study. In this group, patients receiving antifungal therapy for asymptomatic candiduria were paradoxically more likely to have subsequent positive urine cultures than patients who never received antifungal therapy. Six patients developed candidemia during follow-up, although in none was this considered to represent a consequence of candiduria. Mortality rate at the end of the follow-up period (mean of 18 months) was 43%, including one death attributed to candidemia. Therapy for candiduria does not appear to reduce candiduria recurrence rates through 48 months of follow-up and little evidence of treatment benefit was identified.

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