The role of transforming growth factor-beta in suppression of hepatic metastasis from colon cancer

Chandrakanth Are, Neka Simms, Ashwani Rajput, Ashwani Rajupt, Michael Brattain
HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association 2010, 12 (7): 498-506

BACKGROUND: The role of transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) in the development of hepatic metastasis from colon cancer is not clearly elucidated. The aim of this study was to determine the role of TGF-beta in the development of such metastasis.

METHODS: Two human colon cancer cell lines were utilized: FET-alpha cells (intact TGF-beta inhibitory response), and CBS cells (defects in TGF-beta inhibitory response caused by a deficiency in type II receptor activity). The ability of these cell lines to metastasize was analysed in an orthotopic colon cancer mouse model.

RESULTS: FET-alpha cells did not metastasize to the liver, but showed lung metastasis in 10% of the animals, whereas CBS cells gave rise to metastasis in 65%. Following the elimination of TGF-beta activity by transfection and overexpression of dominant negative type II receptor, FET-alpha cells demonstrated liver and lung metastasis in 70% of the animals. Similarly, after the restoration of type II receptor activity by ectopic expression, CBS cells formed metastasis in fewer (10%) animals.

CONCLUSIONS: The results of our study demonstrate for the first time that TGF-beta displays selective metastasis suppressor activity. These abnormal pathways can serve as selective targets for future development of targeted therapies.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"