JOURNAL ARTICLE
REVIEW

[Inherited podocytopathies]

(no author information available yet)
Srpski Arhiv za Celokupno Lekarstvo 2008, 136: 327-39
20804104
Podocytes, the visceral glomerular epithelial cells, are the postmythotic cells that line the outer aspects of the glomerular basement membrane. A number of advances have been made in recent years, linked to the discovery of single-gene defects in hereditary glomerular disease, which highlight the role of these cells in preventing proteinuria. Despite the rarity of hereditary proteinuric syndromes, genetic, biochemical, and structural studies of these diseases have made important contributions to our knowledge of how the normal glomerular filter works and the mechanism of proteinuria. The course of these diseases can vary; some patients present with severe proteinuria and congenital nephrotic syndrome, whereas others have only moderate proteinuria and focal segmental glomerulosclerosis. Regardless of its cause, the disease often progresses to end-stage renal disease. There can be overlap between the diseases: mutations in the same gene can lead to different renal phenotypes. It is important to know that some hereditary podocytopathies respond to therapy, whereas majority does not. For this reason, genetic testing, which is available for some hereditary podocytopathies should be performed whenever possible. This review summarizes recent progress in the eludication of genetic causes of disease and discusses their implication for the understanding of the pathogenic mechanisms which can lead to disruption of the glomerular filtration barrier.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
20804104
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"