JOURNAL ARTICLE
Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Technetium-99m depreotide imaging by single photon emission tomography/low resolution computed tomography in malignant lymphomas: comparison with gallium-67 citrate.

OBJECTIVE: Previous studies have demonstrated the feasibility of targeting lymphoma lesions with somatostatin receptor binding agents, mainly with In-111-pentetreotide. In the present work another somatostatin analog, Tc-99m depreotide, is investigated.

METHODS: One-hundred and six patients, 47 with Hodgkin's (HL) and 59 with various types of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL), were imaged with both Tc-99m depreotide and Ga-67 citrate. Planar whole-body and single photon emission tomography/low resolution computerized tomography (SPECT/CT) images were obtained. A total of 142 examinations were undertaken at different phases of the disease. Depreotide and gallium findings were compared visually and semi-quantitatively, with reference to the results of conventional work-up and the patients' follow-up data.

RESULTS: In most HL, intermediate- and low-grade B-cell, as well as in T-cell NHL, depreotide depicted more lesions than Ga-67 and/or exhibited higher tumor uptake. The opposite was true in aggressive B-cell NHL. However, there were notable exceptions in all lymphoma subtypes. During initial staging, 93.3% of affected lymph nodes above the diaphragm, 100% of inguinal nodes and all cases with splenic infiltration were detected by depreotide. On the basis of depreotide findings, 32% of patients with early-stage HL were upstaged. However, advanced HL and NHL cases were frequently downstaged, due to low sensitivity for abdominal lymph node (22.7%), liver (45.5%) and bone marrow involvement (36.4%). Post-therapy, depreotide detected 94.7% of cases with refractory disease or recurrence. Its overall specificity was moderate (57.1%). Rebound thymic hyperplasia, various inflammatory processes and sites of unspecific uptake were the commonest causes of false positive findings. The combination of depreotide and gallium enhanced sensitivity (100%), while various false positive results of either agent could be avoided.

CONCLUSION: Except perhaps for early-stage HL, Tc-99m depreotide as a stand-alone imaging modality has limited value for the initial staging of lymphomas. Post-therapy, however, depreotide scintigraphy seems useful in the evaluation of certain anatomic areas, particularly in non-aggressive lymphoma types. The combination with Ga-67 potentially enhances sensitivity and specificity. If fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography is not available or in case of certain indolent lymphoma types, Tc-99m depreotide may have a role as an adjunct to conventional imaging procedures.

Full text links

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Group 7SearchHeart failure treatmentPapersTopicsCollectionsEffects of Sodium-Glucose Cotransporter 2 Inhibitors for the Treatment of Patients With Heart Failure Importance: Only 1 class of glucose-lowering agents-sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors-has been reported to decrease the risk of cardiovascular events primarily by reducingSeptember 1, 2017: JAMA CardiologyAssociations of albuminuria in patients with chronic heart failure: findings in the ALiskiren Observation of heart Failure Treatment study.CONCLUSIONS: Increased UACR is common in patients with heart failure, including non-diabetics. Urinary albumin creatininineJul, 2011: European Journal of Heart FailureRandomized Controlled TrialEffects of Liraglutide on Clinical Stability Among Patients With Advanced Heart Failure and Reduced Ejection Fraction: A Randomized Clinical Trial.Review

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Read by QxMD is copyright © 2021 QxMD Software Inc. All rights reserved. By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app