JOURNAL ARTICLE
Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Characteristics, management and outcomes of adults with major trauma taking pre-injury warfarin in a Western Australian population from 2000 to 2005: a population-based cohort study.

OBJECTIVES: To describe the characteristics, management and outcomes of patients with major trauma who were taking warfarin; explore the use of rapid anticoagulation reversal; and assess the effect of reversal on outcomes.

DESIGN AND SETTING: Retrospective cohort analysis of prospective data extracted from the trauma registries and patient charts of the two adult trauma referral hospitals with neurosurgical units in Western Australia, 2000 to 2005. Inclusion criteria were: major trauma (injury severity score > 15); first international normalised ratio (INR) after injury > 1.4; and documented (in registry or chart) warfarin use.

RESULTS: Eighty patients were identified. Their mean age was 76.8 years. Forty-six were men; 34 were transferred from another hospital; 28 died; and the functional outcomes of 58 were worse at discharge from hospital than before injury. Intracranial haemorrhage (ICH) occurred in 62, of whom 25 died; the difference in mortality between those with ICH and those without ICH was insignificant. Warfarin reversal started 17.4 hours (mean) after injury and the documented period between injury and completion of reversal was 54.2 hours (mean). Multiple logistic regression models, controlling for age, sex, on-scene Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS), initial INR and progressive ICH, showed no independent survival benefit for rapid reversal. Factors associated with mortality were age (22% increase per year [95% CI, 17%-34%]) and progressive ICH on computed tomography scan (24 of the 36 patients with progressive ICH died v one of the 26 patients with stable ICH died). Every point increase in on-scene GCS > 8 increased survival likelihood by 215% (95% CI, 119%-388%).

CONCLUSIONS: Patients with major trauma taking warfarin at the time of injury have high mortality rates, poor functional outcomes and long delays to initiation and completion of anticoagulation reversal. Rapid, appropriate warfarin reversal was rarely performed and was not independently associated with survival. Age, low on-scene GCS and progressive ICH were strongly associated with mortality, but presenting INR, ICH v no ICH, and sex were not.

Full text links

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Group 7SearchHeart failure treatmentPapersTopicsCollectionsEffects of Sodium-Glucose Cotransporter 2 Inhibitors for the Treatment of Patients With Heart Failure Importance: Only 1 class of glucose-lowering agents-sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors-has been reported to decrease the risk of cardiovascular events primarily by reducingSeptember 1, 2017: JAMA CardiologyAssociations of albuminuria in patients with chronic heart failure: findings in the ALiskiren Observation of heart Failure Treatment study.CONCLUSIONS: Increased UACR is common in patients with heart failure, including non-diabetics. Urinary albumin creatininineJul, 2011: European Journal of Heart FailureRandomized Controlled TrialEffects of Liraglutide on Clinical Stability Among Patients With Advanced Heart Failure and Reduced Ejection Fraction: A Randomized Clinical Trial.Review

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Read by QxMD is copyright © 2021 QxMD Software Inc. All rights reserved. By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app