JOURNAL ARTICLE

Sexual complaints, pelvic floor symptoms, and sexual distress in women over forty

Leise R Knoepp, Stuart H Shippey, Chi Chiung Grace Chen, Geoffrey W Cundiff, Leonard R Derogatis, Victoria L Handa
Journal of Sexual Medicine 2010, 7 (11): 3675-82
20704643

INTRODUCTION: The American Psychiatric Association recommends considering sexually related personal distress when assessing female sexual dysfunction. Currently, there is little data regarding the impact of sexual complaints on sexual distress.

AIM: To investigate the association between sexual complaints and perceived sexual distress in a population of ambulatory adult women.

METHODS: Using the short forms of the Personal Experiences Questionnaire and Pelvic Organ Prolapse/Urinary Incontinence Sexual Function Questionnaire, we assessed sexual complaints among 305 women seeking outpatient gynecologic care. Depressive symptoms were quantified using the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression (CESD) score. Sexual distress was measured using the Female Sexual Distress Scale (FSDS). Using multivariable logistic regression, we compared sexual complaints between distressed and nondistressed women.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Sexual distress, defined by FSDS score ≥15.

RESULTS: FSDS scores were available for 292/305 participants. Seventy-six (26%) scores reflected distress. Distressed women were more likely to be younger (55.2±1.0 years vs. 56.7±0.8 years, P=0.017); have higher CESD scores (16.6 vs. 9.5, P=0.001); and report decreased arousal (56.8% vs. 25.1%, P=0.001), infrequent orgasm (54% vs. 28.8%, P=0.001), and dyspareunia (39.7% vs. 10.6%, P=0.001). Women with sexual distress were also more likely to report sexual difficulty related to pelvic floor symptoms, including urinary incontinence with sexual activity (9% vs. 1.3%, P=0.005), sexual avoidance due to vaginal prolapse (13.9% vs. 1%, P=0.001), or sexual activity restriction due to fear of urinary incontinence (14.9% vs. 0.5%, P=0.001). After multivariate analysis, sexual distress was significantly associated with dyspareunia (odds ratio [OR] 3.11, P=0.008) and depression score (OR 1.05, P=0.006), and inversely associated with feelings of arousal during sex (OR 0.19, P=0.001).

CONCLUSION: Our results indicate that sexually related personal distress is significantly associated with dyspareunia, depressive symptoms, and decreased arousal during sexual activity. This contributes to our understanding of how sexual complaints may adversely affect women's quality of life.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
20704643
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"