Combination of RET siRNA and irinotecan inhibited the growth of medullary thyroid carcinoma TT cells and xenografts via apoptosis

Kimiko Koga, Yoshiyuki Hattori, Mihoko Komori, Ryota Narishima, Masahiro Yamasaki, Motoki Hakoshima, Tetsuya Fukui, Yoshie Maitani
Cancer Science 2010, 101 (4): 941-7
Medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC) is a rare endocrine tumor that frequently metastasizes, and treatment with irinotecan (CPT-11) is limited because of side effects. Mutations in the Rearranged during transfection (RET) proto-oncogene are considered the causative event of MTC. The objective of this study was to examine whether small interfering RNA (siRNA) and its combined treatment with CPT-11 could inhibit MTC cell growth in vitro and in vivo. The transfection of RET siRNA suppressed RET expression, reduced proliferation, and increased caspase-3/7 activity via the down-regulation of Bcl-2 expression. Combined treatments with CPT-11 or SN-38 significantly increased caspase 3/7 activity compared with RET siRNA, CPT-11 or SN-38 treatment alone. Importantly, intratumoral injection of RET siRNA along with intravenous injection of CPT-11 significantly inhibited the tumor growth of MTC xenografts via an increased apoptotic effect. These findings that RET siRNA enhanced sensitivity for CPT-11 will provide a novel strategy for the treatment of MTC with RET mutation.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"