JOURNAL ARTICLE

WISE-2005: prolongation of left ventricular pre-ejection period with 56 days head-down bed rest in women

Gary J Hodges, Louis Mattar, Kathryn A Zuj, Danielle K Greaves, Phillipe M Arbeille, Richard L Hughson, J Kevin Shoemaker
Experimental Physiology 2010, 95 (11): 1081-8
20696784
This study tested the hypothesis that prolonged physical deconditioning affects the coupling of left ventricular depolarization to its ejection (the pre-ejection period, PEPi) and that this effect is minimized by exercise countermeasures. Following assignment to non-exercise (Control) and exercise groups (Exercise), 14 females performed 56 days of continuous head-down tilt bed rest. Measurements of the electrocardiogram (ECG) and stroke volume (Doppler ultrasound) during supine rest were obtained at baseline prior to (Pre) and after (Post) the head-down tilt bed rest (HDBR) period. Compared with Pre, the PEPi was increased following head-down tilt bed rest (main effect, P < 0.005). This effect was most dominant in the Control group [Pre = 0.038 ± 0.06 s (s.d.) versus Post = 0.054 ± 0.011 s; P < 0.001]. In the Exercise group, PEPi was 0.032 ± 0.005 s Pre and 0.038 ± 0.018 s Post; P= 0.08. Neither the QRS interval nor cardiac afterload was modified by head-down tilt bed rest in Control or Exercise groups. Low-dose isoprenaline infusion reversed the head-down tilt bed rest-induced delay in the PEPi. These results suggest that head-down tilt bed rest leads to a delayed onset of systolic ejection following left ventricular depolarization in a manner that is affected little by the exercise countermeasure but is related to β-adrenergic pathways. The delayed onset of systole following head-down tilt bed rest appears to be related to mechanism(s) affecting contraction of the left ventricle rather than its depolarization.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
20696784
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"