Favorable outcomes of intravenous busulfan, fludarabine, and 400 cGy total body irradiation-based reduced-intensity conditioning allogeneic stem cell transplantation for acute myelogenous leukemia with old age and/or co-morbidities

Sung-Eun Lee, Hee-Je Kim, Woo-Sung Min, Byung-Sik Cho, Ki-Seong Eom, Yoo-Jin Kim, Chang-Ki Min, Seok Lee, Seok-Goo Cho, Dong-Wook Kim, Jong-Wook Lee, Chong-Won Park, Chun-Choo Kim
International Journal of Hematology 2010, 92 (2): 342-50
Traditional transplant conditioning regimens have a limiting factor regarding co-morbidities or old age. Therefore, reduced-intensity conditioning (RIC) regimens have been increasingly used. To define the role of RIC in AML with old age (>or=55 years) and/or co-morbidities (HCT-CI scores >or=2), we analyzed patients who received allogeneic stem cell transplantation (SCT) with Flu/Bu/TBI 400 cGy/+/-antithymocyte globulin (ATG) conditioning regimen. Seventeen men and 15 women were enrolled. The median age was 45 years (range 17-65 years). All patients were in first (n = 25) or second (n = 7) complete remission before undergoing allogeneic SCT. Patients were transplanted from HLA-mismatched unrelated donors (n = 5), matched unrelated donors (n = 10), and matched sibling (n = 17). Calcineurin inhibitor and a short course of standard dose methotrexate were used to prevent graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). All patients achieved engraftment. At a median follow-up of 18 months (range 4-40) for survivors, the estimated 2-year rates of overall survival, event-free survival, transplantation-related mortality, and relapse were 66, 63, 26, and 16%, respectively. The incidence of acute (grades II-IV) and chronic GVHD by NIH consensus criteria was 34.4 and 62.5%. This study suggests that the Flu/Bu/TBI 400 cGy or Flu/Bu/TBI 400 cGy/ATG-based conditioning regimens maybe a feasible therapeutic approach for AML with old age and/or co-morbidities.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"