Distal enlargement of the optic nerve sheath in the hyperacute stage of intracerebral haemorrhage

David Skoloudík, Roman Herzig, Tána Fadrná, Michal Bar, Pavel Hradílek, Martin Roubec, Monika Jelínková, Daniel Sanák, Michal Král, Jana Chmelová, Miroslav Herman, Katerina Langová, Petr Kanovsky
British Journal of Ophthalmology 2011, 95 (2): 217-21

AIMS: Optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD) enlargement is detectable in patients with increased intracranial pressure. The aim was to detect an enlargement of the ONSD using optic nerve sonography in patients with acute intracerebral haemorrhage (ICH) within 6 h of the onset of symptoms.

METHODS: Thirty-one acute ICH patients, 15 age-matched acute ischaemic stroke patients and 16 age-matched healthy volunteers were enrolled consecutively in this prospective bi-centre observational study. All acute stroke patients underwent brain CT, optic nerve sonography and transcranial colour-coded duplex sonography (TCCS) at admission within 6 h of stroke onset. The ONSD both 3.0 and 12.0 mm behind the globe using optic nerve sonography were recorded and statistically evaluated, as were age, sex, haemorrhage volume and midline shift measured by CT, and blood flow velocities in both middle cerebral arteries using TCCS.

RESULTS: In acute ICH patients, a significant enlargement of ONSD was detected (p < 0.0083). The best cut-off point to predict ICH volume >2.5 cm³ was the relative ONSD enlargement of > 0.66 mm (> 21 %), with 90.3% accuracy and kappa coefficient 0.760 (95% CI 0.509 to 1.000).

CONCLUSIONS: Sonographically measured enlargement of the ONSD may already be detectable in the hyperacute stage of increased intracranial pressure.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"