Three- to six-year follow-up results after high-flexion total knee arthroplasty: can we allow passive deep knee bending?

Sung-Do Cho, Yoon-Seok Youm, Ki-Bong Park
Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy 2011, 19 (6): 899-903

PURPOSE: We evaluated 3- to 6-year clinical and radiological follow-up results after NexGen® LPS-flex total knee arthroplasty (TKA).

METHODS: A retrospective evaluation was undertaken of 218 knees in 166 patients (22 males, 144 females) who were followed up for more than 3 years after TKA. Evaluations included preoperative and postoperative range of motion (ROM) measurement, Knee Society (KS) Score, tibiofemoral angle and assessment of postoperative complications.

RESULTS: TKA resulted in a significant ROM increase from a mean flexion contracture of 9° (range 0°-20°) and further flexion of 117° (range 80°-155°) to a mean flexion contracture of 2° (range 0°-10°) and a further flexion of 131° (range 95°-155°). KS knee and function scores significantly improved from 52 and 38 before surgery to 87 and 82 after surgery, respectively. The tibiofemoral angle significantly improved from varus 5.7° to valgus 5.4°. Progressive radiolucent lines around the femoral component on radiographs were observed in 30 knees (13.8%, 27 patients), and more of those knees, could squat than non-radiolucent knees (76.7 vs. 20.2%; P<0.05). Seven knees (3.2%, 6 patients) were revised at a mean 49 months after the index operation.

CONCLUSIONS: While NexGen® LPS-flex TKA satisfactorily improved ROM, it was associated with a relatively high incidence of early loosening of the femoral components. This might be associated with passive-maximal flexion activity, such as squatting or kneeling. The clinical relevance of this study is that squatting or kneeling, common activity in Asian, may not be allowed after NexGen® LPS-flex TKA.

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