The allele frequencies of HPA 1-16 determined by PCR-SSP in Chinese Cantonese donors

Y-M Nie, H-J Zhou, Y-S Fu, C-X Wang, J-P Ma
Transfusion Medicine 2010, 20 (6): 376-82

BACKGROUND: Typing of human platelet antigens (HPA) has proven to be useful in some clinical situations related to platelet alloimmunization.

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate HPA 1-16 and to determine genotype and allele frequencies by polymerase chain reaction-sequence specific primer (PCR-SSP) in apheresis platelet donors in Guangzhou Blood Center.

METHODS: A total of 200 random samples from donors were involved in the study. Genotype and allele frequencies of HPA 1 to 16 were detected by PCR-SSP method.

RESULTS: The frequencies obtained from these donors were 99·50 and 0·50% for HPA-1a and -1b; 96·25 and 3·75% for HPA-2a and -2b; 54·25 and 45·75% for HPA-3a and -3b; 99·50 and 0·50% for HPA-4a and -4b; 99·00 and 1·00% for HPA-5a and -5b; 97·00 and 3·00% for HPA-6a and -6b and 42·25 and 57·75% for HPA-15a and -15b. There is only a/a homozygosis detected in HPA-7, -8, -9, -10, -11, -12, -13, -14 and -16. In this study, none of HPA-1b/ 1b, -2b/2b, -5b/5b homozygosis were detected which were found in other racial groups. One homozygosis of HPA-6b/6b in 200 individuals was detected which was not found in a study involving 1000 Chinese (Feng et al., 2006).

CONCLUSION: The HPA-3 and -15 appear to the highest priority and HPA-2, -6, -5 -1 and -4 to be the second priority in Chinese Cantonese when it comes to the diagnosis of neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia and to provide the HPA-matched platelet for patients with platelet transfusion refractoriness. The PCR-SSP method makes it possible to detect genotype of HPA-1 to -16 in less than 4 h and to establish a donor database for HPA genotype in a blood bank.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"