GATA-4 promotes the differentiation of P19 cells into cardiac myocytes

De-Liang Hu, Fu-Kun Chen, Yao-Qiu Liu, Yan-Hui Sheng, Rong Yang, Xiang-Qing Kong, Ke-Jiang Cao, Hai-Tao Gu, Ling-Mei Qian
International Journal of Molecular Medicine 2010, 26 (3): 365-72
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of GATA-4 on the differentiation of P19 cells into cardiomyocytes and to examine the relationship between GATA-4 and cardiomyocytes. We constructed vectors to overexpress and silence GATA-4. These vectors, as well as empty ones were transfected into P19 cells. Subsequently, reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and Western blot analysis were performed. The morphology of P19 cells during differentiation was observed using an inverted microscope. Total RNA was extracted from P19 cells. We used real-time PCR to evaluate the expression levels of 6 genes: GATA-4, GATA-6, transthyretin (TTR), alpha-fetoprotein (AFP), Nkx2.5, and alpha-myosin heavy chain (alpha-MHC). The gene expression pattern of these 6 genes is graphically shown for each group. The GATA-4 mRNA level in cells overexpressing GATA-4 was notably higher than that in the controls, whereas the levels in the controls were notably higher than those in the GATA-4-silenced P19 cells. The cell lines overexpressing GATA-4 expressed higher levels of Nkx2.5 and alpha-MHC than the controls. However, the controls expressed higher levels of AFP, GATA-6 and TTR than the cells overexpressing GATA-4. The RNAi group expressed lower levels of TTR, Nkx2.5, and alpha-MHC than the controls, but there were no differences in the RNAi group and the controls with regard to the expression levels of AFP and GATA-6. The gene expression pattern in the cells overexpressing GATA-4 was biased toward the Nkx2.5 and alpha-MHC. On the other hand, the gene expression pattern in GATA-4-silenced cells and the controls was biased toward the TTR and AFP. The overexpression of GATA-4 enhances the differentiation of P19 cells into cardiac myocytes, whereas its down-regulation suppresses this trend.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"