JOURNAL ARTICLE

GATA-4 promotes the differentiation of P19 cells into cardiac myocytes

De-Liang Hu, Fu-Kun Chen, Yao-Qiu Liu, Yan-Hui Sheng, Rong Yang, Xiang-Qing Kong, Ke-Jiang Cao, Hai-Tao Gu, Ling-Mei Qian
International Journal of Molecular Medicine 2010, 26 (3): 365-72
20664952
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of GATA-4 on the differentiation of P19 cells into cardiomyocytes and to examine the relationship between GATA-4 and cardiomyocytes. We constructed vectors to overexpress and silence GATA-4. These vectors, as well as empty ones were transfected into P19 cells. Subsequently, reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and Western blot analysis were performed. The morphology of P19 cells during differentiation was observed using an inverted microscope. Total RNA was extracted from P19 cells. We used real-time PCR to evaluate the expression levels of 6 genes: GATA-4, GATA-6, transthyretin (TTR), alpha-fetoprotein (AFP), Nkx2.5, and alpha-myosin heavy chain (alpha-MHC). The gene expression pattern of these 6 genes is graphically shown for each group. The GATA-4 mRNA level in cells overexpressing GATA-4 was notably higher than that in the controls, whereas the levels in the controls were notably higher than those in the GATA-4-silenced P19 cells. The cell lines overexpressing GATA-4 expressed higher levels of Nkx2.5 and alpha-MHC than the controls. However, the controls expressed higher levels of AFP, GATA-6 and TTR than the cells overexpressing GATA-4. The RNAi group expressed lower levels of TTR, Nkx2.5, and alpha-MHC than the controls, but there were no differences in the RNAi group and the controls with regard to the expression levels of AFP and GATA-6. The gene expression pattern in the cells overexpressing GATA-4 was biased toward the Nkx2.5 and alpha-MHC. On the other hand, the gene expression pattern in GATA-4-silenced cells and the controls was biased toward the TTR and AFP. The overexpression of GATA-4 enhances the differentiation of P19 cells into cardiac myocytes, whereas its down-regulation suppresses this trend.

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