Long-term outcome of 4 Korean families with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy caused by 4 different mutations

Jin-Oh Choi, Cheol-Woong Yu, Jong Chun Nah, Jeong Rang Park, Bok-Soo Lee, Yu Jeong Choi, Byung-Ryul Cho, Sang-Chol Lee, Seung Woo Park, Akinori Kimura, Jeong Euy Park
Clinical Cardiology 2010, 33 (7): 430-8

BACKGROUND: We sought to describe the long-term outcome of individuals in 4 Korean families with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) with known mutations.

HYPOTHESIS: Long-term clinical features of familial HCM might be characterized according to the mutation causing HCM.

METHODS: We performed long-term (mean, 13.1 y) clinical evaluations on 46 subjects from 4 Korean families with different mutations.

RESULTS: Myosin light chain 3 gene (MYL3) mutation was associated with late-onset HCM with relatively poor prognosis; 1 sudden cardiac death and 2 cases of heart failure with atrial fibrillation occurred among 12 subjects with this mutation. Myosin binding protein C gene (MYBPC3) mutation was associated with 2 cases of sudden cardiac death and 3 cases of heart failure among 7 affected members. Cardiac troponin I type 3 gene (TNNI3) mutation was associated with 5 deaths related to atrial fibrillation and stroke among 12 mutation-positive members. Myosin heavy chain 7 gene (MYH7) mutation was associated with 11 deaths in 15 affected members.

CONCLUSIONS: The clinical course was quite different for different HCM mutations. Even within the same family, individuals carrying the same mutation differed in disease expression and prognosis.

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