Changes in prepregnancy body mass index between pregnancies and risk of preterm phenotypes

Valerie E Whiteman, Kiran Rao, Jingyi Duan, Amina Alio, Phillip J Marty, Hamisu M Salihu
American Journal of Perinatology 2011, 28 (1): 67-74
We examined whether the risk of preterm birth and its subtypes (medically indicated and spontaneous preterm) are influenced by changes in prepregnancy body mass index (BMI) between the first and second pregnancies. A population-based, retrospective cohort analysis was performed using the Missouri (1978 to 2005) longitudinally linked cohort data sets. Women with their first two successive singleton live births ( N = 436,502) were analyzed. The risks for preterm birth and its subtypes were evaluated using multivariate logistic regression modeling. Compared with women who maintained normal interpregnancy BMI, women who lowered their weight from normal to underweight were more likely to experience preterm and spontaneous preterm birth (odds ratio [OR] 1.5, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.4 to 1.6). Women with BMI changes from normal weight to obese (OR 1.4, 95% CI 1.2 to 1.6) and normal weight to overweight (OR 1.2, 95% CI 1.1 to 1.3) were at increased risk of medically indicated preterm birth. A decrease in prepregnancy BMI from normal to underweight is associated with increased risk of spontaneous preterm birth, and prepregnancy BMI increases from normal to overweight or to obese BMI are associated with increased risk of medically indicated preterm birth.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"