Risk factors for treatment failure in patients with prosthetic joint infections

J Lee, C-I Kang, J H Lee, M Joung, S Moon, Y M Wi, D R Chung, C-W Ha, J-H Song, K R Peck
Journal of Hospital Infection 2010, 75 (4): 273-6
A retrospective, observational cohort study was conducted to describe the incidence, clinical and microbiological findings and to evaluate risk factors for treatment failure associated with prosthetic joint infections (PJIs). We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of all patients undergoing total knee or total hip prosthesis implantation in our institution between 1994 and 2008. Our institution is a 1950-bed tertiary care university hospital and referral centre. A total of 93 patients with PJIs was identified although only 68 patients had undergone prosthesis implantation at our hospital. The overall infection rate was 0.63%. The most common organisms isolated were Gram positive (76.5%), including meticillin-resistant staphylococci. Two-stage arthroplasty was performed in 48 (51.6%) patients, and debridement and retention of the prosthesis in 34 (36.5%) patients. When 43 patients followed up for more than two years after treatment were included in treatment outcome analysis, the overall treatment failure rate was 41.8% (18/43). Staphylococcus aureus infection was the only clinical variable associated with treatment failure (odds ratio: 11.9; 95% confidence interval: 1.07e133.9; P = 0.044), after adjustment for the other variables. In conclusion, S. aureus was the most common pathogen isolated in patients with PJI, and an independent risk factor for treatment failure in patients with PJI.

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