Results of concomitant rotator cuff and SLAP repair are not affected by unhealed SLAP lesion

Joo Han Oh, Sae Hoon Kim, Sang-Ho Kwak, Chung Hee Oh, Hyun Sik Gong
Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery 2011, 20 (1): 138-45

HYPOTHESIS: To verify the anatomic results of combined repair of a full-thickness rotator cuff tear and superior labral anterior and posterior (SLAP) lesion. In addition, we compared the anatomic and functional outcomes according to the status of the repaired SLAP lesion.

METHODS: We enrolled 61 patients who underwent cuff repair with concomitant SLAP repair and were available for both functional and radiologic outcome evaluation at least 1 year after the operation. There were 40 male and 21 female patients with a mean age of 57.4 years (range, 39-70 years). We measured various clinical outcomes and evaluated the structural outcomes of the rotator cuff and the superior labrum and rotator cuff using computed tomography arthrography at the final follow-up visit. We also evaluated the functional outcome according to anatomic healing of the superior labrum.

RESULTS: Labral healing to the bony glenoid was achieved in 49 patients (80.3%), and anatomic healing of the rotator cuff was observed in 44 patients (72.1%). The retear rate of the rotator cuff was not statistically different with respect to labral healing status. All functional outcomes improved significantly (P < .001), and there were no statistical differences in functional outcome with respect to postoperative healing of the superior labrum.

CONCLUSIONS: An unhealed SLAP lesion did not preclude the successful outcome of concomitant rotator cuff repair. Therefore, repair of a concomitant SLAP lesion may not be an essential procedure for a successful outcome of a rotator cuff repair.

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