Cdc42 and vesicle trafficking in polarized cells

Kathryn P Harris, Ulrich Tepass
Traffic 2010, 11 (10): 1272-9
Cdc42, a highly conserved small GTPase of the Rho family, acts as a molecular switch to modulate a wide range of signaling pathways. Vesicle trafficking and cell polarity are two processes Cdc42 is known to regulate. Although the trafficking and polarity machineries are each well understood, how they interact to cross-regulate each other in cell polarization is still a mystery. Cdc42 is an interesting candidate that may integrate these two networks within the cell. Here we review findings on the interplay between Cdc42 and trafficking in yeast, Caenorhabditis elegans, Drosophila and mammalian cell culture systems, and discuss recent advances in our understanding of the function of Cdc42 and two of its effectors, the WASp-Arp2/3 and Par complexes, in regulating polarized traffic. Work in yeast suggests that the polarized distribution of Cdc42, which acts here as a key polarity determinant, requires input from multiple processes including endocytosis and recycling. In metazoan cells, Cdc42 can regulate several steps in the biosynthetic as well as endocytotic and recycling pathways. The recent discovery that the Par polarity complex co-operates with Cdc42 in the regulation of endocytosis and recycling opens exciting possibilities for the integration of polarity protein function and endocytotic machinery.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"