JOURNAL ARTICLE

RB1CC1 activates RB1 pathway and inhibits proliferation and cologenic survival in human cancer

Tokuhiro Chano, Kaichiro Ikebuchi, Yasuko Ochi, Hitosuke Tameno, Yasuhiko Tomita, Yufen Jin, Hideo Inaji, Makoto Ishitobi, Koji Teramoto, Ichiro Nishimura, Kahori Minami, Hirokazu Inoue, Takahiro Isono, Masao Saitoh, Taketoshi Shimada, Yasuo Hisa, Hidetoshi Okabe
PloS One 2010 June 30, 5 (6): e11404
20614030
RB1-inducible coiled-coil 1 (RB1CC1, also known as FIP200) plays a role in the enhancement of the RB1 pathway through the direct binding to a GC-rich region 201bp upstream (from the initiation ATG) of the RB1 promoter. Here, we identified hSNF5 and p53 as the binding partners of RB1CC1 by immunoprecipitation and immunofluorescence assays. Interaction between these molecules and the RB1 pathway was analyzed by the assays of chromatin immunoprecipitation, luciferase-reporter, reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction and immunoblot. The tumor growth suppression by RB1CC1 was evaluated by flow cytometry or by a cell growth assay. The nuclear RB1CC1 complex involving hSNF5 and/or p53 activated transcription of RB1, p16 and p21, and suppressed tumor cell growth. Furthermore, nuclear RB1CC1 expression significantly correlated with those of RB1 and p16 in breast cancer tissue in vivo, and the Ki-67 proliferation index was dependent on p53 as well as RB1CC1. The present study indicates that RB1CC1 together with hSNF5 and/or p53 enhances the RB1 pathway through transcriptional activation of RB1, p16 and p21. Evaluation of RB1CC1 expression combined with RB1 and p53 status is expected to provide useful information in clinical practice and future therapeutic strategies in breast cancer.

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