Use of proton-pump inhibitors and their associated risks among frail elderly nursing home residents

Mariko Teramura-Grönblad, Helka Hosia-Randell, Seija Muurinen, Kaisu Pitkala
Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care 2010, 28 (3): 154-9

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to investigate the use of proton-pump inhibitors (PPI) and their associated risks among frail elderly nursing home residents.

DESIGN: A cross-sectional study.

SETTING: General practice.

SUBJECTS: An assessment of residents (n = 1987, mean age 83.7 years) in all nursing homes in Helsinki was carried out in February 2003. Data included demographic characteristics, symptoms such as diarrhea, vomiting and constipation, use of various drugs, and medical diagnoses.

OUTCOME: Coded data analysis with NCSS statistical program. Multivariate logistic regression analysis served to determine which variables were independently associated with diarrhea; variables which were statistically significant or near p < 0.05 in univariate analyses were included.

RESULTS: Altogether 433 residents were on PPIs. The factors associated with regular PPI use in univariate analyses included poor functional status, higher number of comorbidities, higher number of medications and lactose intolerance. The users had suffered from a prior ventricular or duodenal ulcer, cancer and coronary heart disease more often than the non-users. In accordance with our hypothesis, the users of PPIs more often had diarrhea (19.7%) than the non-users (12.9%) (p < 0.001), and they had a prior hip fracture (28.5%) more often than the non-users (19.4%) (p < 0.001). In logistic regression analysis the use of PPIs had an independent association with diarrhea (OR 1.60 (95% CI 1.20 to 2.15).

CONCLUSION: Physicians should avoid unnecessary long-term use of PPIs, particularly among frail elderly long-term care patients.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"