Characterization of inhibitory effect of carbapenem antibiotics on the deconjugation of valproic acid glucuronide

Yusuke Masuo, Kousei Ito, Takehito Yamamoto, Akihiro Hisaka, Masashi Honma, Hiroshi Suzuki
Drug Metabolism and Disposition: the Biological Fate of Chemicals 2010, 38 (10): 1828-35
Serum concentrations of valproic acid (VPA) are markedly decreased by coadministration of carbapenem antibiotics (CBPMs). Although inhibition of deconjugation of VPA-glucuronide (VPA-G) to VPA by CBPMs has been proposed as one of the mechanisms to account for this drug-drug interaction, little information is available on the mode of inhibition. In the present study, we characterized the enzyme involved in the deconjugation of VPA-G by using human and rat liver cytosol. It is suggested that 1) deconjugation activity inhibited by CBPMs may be selective for VPA-G, 2) deconjugation of VPA-G may be mediated by enzyme(s) other than β-glucuronidase, and 3) the irreversible inactivation may be responsible for the inhibition of deconjugation of VPA-G by CBPMs. Finally, the kinetic parameters for inactivation (K'(app) and k(inact)) were determined for four CBPMs of diverse structure from in vitro experiments. Based on the results of simulation analyses with these parameters and the degradation rate constant of the putative VPA-G deconjugation enzyme obtained from experiments using rats, it is probable that the deconjugation enzyme for VPA-G in the liver is rapidly and mostly inactivated by these CBPMs under clinical situations.

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