JOURNAL ARTICLE

Mapping self-reports of working memory deficits to executive dysfunction in Fragile X Mental Retardation 1 (FMR1) gene premutation carriers asymptomatic for FXTAS

Cary S Kogan, Kim M Cornish
Brain and Cognition 2010, 73 (3): 236-43
20573435
Fragile X Syndrome is a neurodevelopmental disorder that is caused by the silencing of a single gene on the X chromosome, the Fragile X Mental Retardation 1 (FMR1) gene. In recent years, the premutation ("carrier") status has received considerable attention and there is now an emerging consensus that despite intellectual functioning being within the average range premutation males present with subtle executive function impairments that include poor inhibitory control, working memory deficits, and poor planning skills. The ranges of these skills, although not nearly as severe as seen in the full mutation, nonetheless serve to differentiate males with the premutation from males in the unaffected population. In the present study we extend these findings to suggest that behavioral markers, specifically self-report on the Brown Attention-Deficit Disorder Rating Scales, may serve as a clinically useful indicator or "signature" of the Fragile X Premutation status. We discuss the possibility that this measure provides a means to identify those at greatest risk for developing the newly identified neurodegenerative disorder that affects some premutation males - Fragile X Tremor/Ataxia Syndrome (FXTAS).

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
20573435
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"