[Retinal angiomatous proliferation with associated pigment epithelium detachment: anti-VEGF therapy]

A Lommatzsch, B Heimes, M Gutfleisch, G Spital, M Dietzel, D Pauleikhoff
Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft 2011, 108 (3): 244-51

BACKGROUND: Vascularized pigment epithelial detachment (PED) in retinal angiomatous proliferation (RAP) represents a special morphological form of exudative age-related macular degeneration (ARMD) in the natural course and in the frequency of complications, such as tears in the pigment epithelium. In this study the results of inhibition of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) for exudative ARMD with associated PED and RAP were examined.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Functional and morphological data were retrospectively collected for 61 consecutive eyes with RAP in stages 2 and 3 over an average observation period of 108 weeks. Patients were treated with bevacizumab (n=15), ranibizumab (n=29) and pegabtanib (n=17) according to the recommendations of the German Society of Ophthalmology (DOG) and the German Retina Society (RG). After an initial treatment cycle of 3 injections every 4 weeks (6 weeks for pegabtanib), best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), fluorescence angiography (FAG), indocyanine green angiography (ICG-A) and optical coherence tomography (OCT) were evaluated every 12 weeks.

RESULTS: The mean visual acuity was 0.8 logMAR before therapy and 0.77 logMAR after therapy so that the average difference to the original acuity was -0.03 logMAR after 12 weeks and 0.00 logMAR after 48 weeks. The central retinal thickness measured by OCT decreased on average by 81.2 µm after the first cycle of injections and by -68.4 µm after 1 year. The maximum depth of PED could be reduced on average by 1 unit and after 1 year by 1.55 units. Better functional and morphological results were obtained by therapy with ranibizumab and avastin compared to pegabtanib (p=0.03). An RIP occurred in 9.8% of the patients (n=6) on average after 16 weeks.

CONCLUSIONS: The morphological functional results can be improved in the early months using the therapy strategy presently recommended in Germany. However, in later stages there was a significant worsening of the functional results. Modification of the treatment strategy with respect to close surveillance and possibly early stage repeat treatment would seem advisable.

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